Sq’wak is not a penguin per se. She was a member of a species that we will refer to as the Br’sqvur. Penguins are the result of convergent evolution.
This article describes, in brief, a few points about the species to which Sq’wak belonged. You should read “Penguinism and the Birth of the Universe” and “YHWH’s New Empire” before this article. While this article may never make sense, it will make even less sense without reading those two article first. Or not.
While in many ways the Br’sqvur mirrored Earth penguins, there were some striking differences as well. They were quite large: a little bit larger than modern humans. They also had much larger brains. In fact, they were probably a fair amount smarter than modern humans.
They were a glorious and prosperous species which had, long before the time of Sq’wak, taken to the stars and spread throughout the universe. But this success was no small feat. You see, the Br’sqvur still had the characteristics of their ancient ancestors, and so lacked any form of hands with which they could manipulate their environment. Instead, the Br’sqvur used a combination of an exoskeleton which had prehensile fingers and direct neural interfaces for their technology.
They also still loved to swim, and so their ships had a very odd configuration, at least for their colony ships. Throughout each ship were networks of waterways and the crew would swim from place to place, from deck to deck, rather than taking elevators. This waterway was also used to store a lot of their food.
The colony ships were quite large. Just like Earth penguinoids, the Br’sqvur lived in colonies of upwards of a few million. The largest colony ships could easily handle that many. Some of the members worked on the ship itself. Others engaged in various forms of commerce. There was no real government on the ship. Instead a form of digital contract system managed their commerce and other interactions. And if a group wished to leave, they would just take a small ship and start a new colony.
Given the size of these ships, colony budding wasn’t exactly uncommon, however between the use of their smart contract systems, mutual cooperation through commerce, and strong family ties, it did not occur all that frequently either, and in many cases, it was more due to an increase in their population than anything else. After all, with their technological advancements, a member of their species could easily live for thousands of years.